A Treatise of Human Nature

A Treatise of Human Nature

David Hume / Jun 27, 2019

A Treatise of Human Nature A Treatise of Human Nature Being an Attempt to Introduce the Experimental Method of Reasoning David Hume s comprehensive attempt to base philosophy on a new observationally grounded study o

  • Title: A Treatise of Human Nature
  • Author: David Hume
  • ISBN: 9780140432442
  • Page: 310
  • Format: Paperback
  • A Treatise of Human Nature Being an Attempt to Introduce the Experimental Method of Reasoning 1739 40 , David Hume s comprehensive attempt to base philosophy on a new, observationally grounded study of human nature, is one of the most important texts in Western philosophy It s also the focal point of current attempts to understand 18th century philosophy The Treatise fA Treatise of Human Nature Being an Attempt to Introduce the Experimental Method of Reasoning 1739 40 , David Hume s comprehensive attempt to base philosophy on a new, observationally grounded study of human nature, is one of the most important texts in Western philosophy It s also the focal point of current attempts to understand 18th century philosophy The Treatise first explains how we form such concepts as cause and effect, external existence, and personal identity, and to form compelling but unconfirmable beliefs in the entities represented by these concepts It then offers a novel account of the passions, explains freedom and necessity as they apply to human choices and actions, and concludes with detailed explanations of how we distinguish between virtue and vice and of the different kinds of virtue Hume s Abstract of the Treatise, also included in the volume, outlines his chief argument regarding our conception of, and belief in, cause and effect The texts printed in this volume are those of the critical edition of Hume s philosophical works now being published by the Clarendon Press The volume includes a substantial introduction explaining the aims of the Treatise as a whole and of each of its ten parts, extensive annotations, a glossary of terms, a comprehensive index, and suggestions for further reading.

    Treatise Definition of Treatise by Merriam Webster Treatise definition is a systematic exposition or argument in writing including a methodical discussion of the facts and principles involved and conclusions reached How to use treatise in a sentence. Treatise Definition of Treatise at Dictionary Treatise definition, a formal and systematic exposition in writing of the principles of a subject, generally longer and detailed than an essay See . Treatise legal definition of Treatise Legal Dictionary In it, Philip Hilton examines the Treatise of the Hypochondriack and Hysterick Diseases , a satire in the form of a series of dialogues between a doctor and two patients who are suffering mental and discursive inconsistency depression. Treatise definition of treatise by The Free Dictionary Define treatise treatise synonyms, treatise pronunciation, treatise translation, English dictionary definition of treatise n A systematic, usually extensive written discourse on a subject n a formal work on a subject, esp one that deals systematically with its principles A Treatise of Human Nature A Treatise of Human Nature is a book by Scottish philosopher David Hume, considered by many to be Hume s most important work and one of the most influential works in the history of philosophy The Treatise is a classic statement of philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism. A TREATISE OF onthewing A TREATISE OF the Vocations, or Callings of men, with the sorts and kinds of them, and the right use of them Prov verse The memorial of the just shall be blessed but the name of the wicked shall rot pub Cambridge as contained in THE WORKS OF THAT FAMOUS AND WORTHY MINISTER OF CHRIST IN THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE MR WILLIAM PERKINS T HE

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    About "David Hume"

      • David Hume

        David Hume hju m 7 May 1711 NS 26 April 1711 OS 25 August 1776 was a Scottish historian, philosopher, economist, diplomat and essayist known today especially for his radical philosophical empiricism and scepticism.In light of Hume s central role in the Scottish Enlightenment, and in the history of Western philosophy, Bryan Magee judged him as a philosopher widely regarded as the greatest who has ever written in the English language While Hume failed in his attempts to start a university career, he took part in various diplomatic and military missions of the time He wrote The History of England which became a bestseller, and it became the standard history of England in its day.His empirical approach places him with John Locke, George Berkeley, and a handful of others at the time as a British Empiricist.Beginning with his A Treatise of Human Nature 1739 , Hume strove to create a total naturalistic science of man that examined the psychological basis of human nature In opposition to the rationalists who preceded him, most notably Ren Descartes, he concluded that desire rather than reason governed human behaviour He also argued against the existence of innate ideas, concluding that humans have knowledge only of things they directly experience He argued that inductive reasoning and therefore causality cannot be justified rationally Our assumptions in favour of these result from custom and constant conjunction rather than logic He concluded that humans have no actual conception of the self, only of a bundle of sensations associated with the self.Hume s compatibilist theory of free will proved extremely influential on subsequent moral philosophy He was also a sentimentalist who held that ethics are based on feelings rather than abstract moral principles, and expounded the is ought problem.Hume has proved extremely influential on subsequent western philosophy, especially on utilitarianism, logical positivism, William James, the philosophy of science, early analytic philosophy, cognitive philosophy, theology and other movements and thinkers In addition, according to philosopher Jerry Fodor, Hume s Treatise is the founding document of cognitive science Hume engaged with contemporary intellectual luminaries such as Jean Jacques Rousseau, James Boswell, and Adam Smith who acknowledged Hume s influence on his economics and political philosophy Immanuel Kant credited Hume with awakening him from dogmatic slumbers.


    564 Comments

    1. "I was awoken from my dogmatic slumber." -Kant, on reading Hume.In my opinion, this is probably one of the most thoroughly logical and most disturbing books ever written. Hume's use of reason completely dissects that habituation that we call "intuition", and moreover, shows how inductive reasoning is completely without merit. Science goes out the window, and the prospect of having any knowledge of the world leaves with it. The resulting nihilism will send chills down your spine. This is why ever [...]


    2. Fuck! Fuck, fuck, fuck, fuck, fuck. Thanks a lot, man! You and your fancy book just had to go and wake Immanuel Kant from his "dogmatic slumber", didn't you? And every single fucking time I pick up a philosophical tome like Critique of Pure Reason I have to be reminded of how lazy I am for not thoroughly reading through all of the British empiricists. Don't get me wrong, from what I've read of yours, you seem like a very precise philosopher, but now I have to read you with scorn. Look at what yo [...]


    3. Historia de la estética (XII): el empirismo británico (II): el problema del gusto | La guía de Filosofía - ow/gOB8305ED2f


    4. I just wrote a long review of this book, and or the internet ate it. Grrrr Here are the high points of that review.Three years to read this. Of that, almost the full time was stuck on the first two parts of the second book, which seemed both dull and pointless. It ended up that it was just dull, but necessary to understand his ideas on morality.First book - Understanding. It blows up the idea that there's a foundation in reason for induction, causation, the persistence of objects, and even for [...]


    5. The real ‘scandal’ is not what Kant referred to in his 800 page rebuttal to Hume’s belief of skepticism about the real world, or the ‘scandal’ that Heidegger referred to that we were still debating the phenomenal world as such, the real scandal is that more people don’t read books like this one. Hume and this book offer more insights about today’s world and almost everything I see around me seems to want to make me stupid and accept ‘alternative facts’ as real, undermine scienc [...]


    6. Hume continues the tradition of Locke and Berkeley, by demonstrating that causal connections are only in the mind of the perceiver, not actually in the world of perceived events.


    7. 2/5 empiricism was a mistake. Out of the three empiricist philosophers I read, Hume deals with the most complex issues and treats the problems of the nature of ideas, causality and morality to their complete conclusion (often a contradictory/self-defeating one), but his fanatical devotion to the empiricist model seemed to me to make him lacking in the necessary self-awareness to give his work any relevancy.


    8. Il y a une remarquable unité dans ces trois ouvrages de Hume, sur la nature humaine, le premier sur la connaissance, le second sur les passions, et le troisième sur la morale. On ne saurait pas aborder ces difficiles questions de morale sans bien s'entendre préalablement sur le sens des mots, sans quoi on courrait le risque de se laisser abuser par eux, et de se payer de belles formules qui nous plaisent, car notre imagination complète le sens qu'il n'y trouve pas par celui qui nous agrée. [...]


    9. Hume's radicalism does not stop at critiquing long-standing philosophical notions of causality, what is external to us, substance, self and God; in a profoundly anti-Cartesian moment, he attacks those who uncritically assert that animals cannot reason nor express the 'passions' of love/hatred and pride/humility He makes clear at the outset of the section on animal reasoning that those who fail to realize this obvious quality are 'stupid and ignorant.' Thus, '(a) bird, that chooses with such care [...]


    10. Trenchant and profound. I wouldn't recommend the Barnes & Noble edition, which I picked up without knowing that it contained a few potentially misleading features (inexplicably, the preface to the Abstract which Hume later published is included and the Abstract itself left out).It's good to read philosophy which, if it is sometimes obscure (though Hume very rarely is truly difficult), is so because the thoughts which it expresses are worth thinking. Certain philosophical writers of the late [...]



    11. Hume's "Treatise" is divided into three books that cover understanding, passions and morals. This review is on Book II, "Of the Passions." *[Review of Book III added below, November, 2013] At first (actually, third) read, this book is a mess, but the book's meaning gains traction when viewed within Hume's overall philosophical system. In Hume's system, the world comes at the self through the senses and ideas flow from them (impressions). As we are not just knowing beings, where do passions fit w [...]


    12. David Hume’s A Treatise of Human Nature is not a breezy book. From the first page, it plunged me into a fervid mode of double-layered analysis in which my struggle to comprehend the text was mirrored by efforts to track my personal reactions to whatever content I was able to wrest from it. Early on, my attempts felt futile––understanding occluded by my intellectual limitations and relative lack of outside support. My experience improved as I pressed on, however. Slowly, mysteriously, sente [...]


    13. Sobre algunos autores (y sus obras) no parece adecuado decir si se está de acuerdo o no con los mismos, ya sea parcial o completamente ―en una reseña breve, claro está; pues defender por qué se alaban o se desprecian ciertas ideas requiere de un escrito de mayor profundidad y extensión―.Ante casos como éste, donde Hume no es el primero ni el último, me limitaré a hacer un recuento de los puntos más importantes que se encuentran en la obra que haya leído en ese momento. Las referenc [...]


    14. David Hume is pretty easy to like. Despite the reputation built up by new atheists who seem to have only really read his "On Miracles", Hume is as clear and un-polemical as it comes. In just his writing alone there's a sober down to business mindset colored by nothing but the desire to express pure thought. In some ways I can see why that might make it seem unapproachable, but in reality he's one of the more easier to read philosophers you can come across if you'll excuse some of the quirks of 1 [...]


    15. As far as philosophy goes, Hume is fairly easy to understand. And that's no flaw. In fact, philosophy has always been a difficult endeavour, talking about the core of what makes us human, there's bound to be miscommunication. The plain fact is we weren't made to communicate this. Continental philosophers such as Hegel tend to use their definitions so loosely that even experts of their work start disagreeing on the basics of what they were trying to say.Not with Hume. There's a reason he was Russ [...]


    16. There are many philosophers who remain of interest to students long after they have ceased to contemplate all things philosophical. For most the interest stems from the importance of the philosopher as part of the study of the history of philosophy. Few, however, retain an enduring relevance for their response to the philosophical problems they squared up to. David Hume is one of these few. Written in 1739, when Hume was aged a mere 28, the Treatise remains today one of the most important texts [...]


    17. Much simpler shorter and less expansive than An Enquiry into Human Understanding but all the same, intensely interesting.Karatani is correct, for Hume all knowledge is synthesis save for math, and counting, which Hume doesn't seem to be able to account for at all -- so he claims such a thing is innate. Indeed, we can grasp that such an ability (counting) and spacial-motoral skills seem to be bred into us, as innate mental structures. Still, Kant in this one area is more radical than Hume, claimi [...]


    18. Hume has always been one of my favorite philosophers. There are few areas of philosophy in which I can't say that I am something of a Humean. I find myself coming back to Hume for inspiration in his unique brand of skepticism in epistemology and metaphysics and his type of sentiment theory in ethics. The Treatise is not his best-written work (that would probably be the Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion or the Enquiries), but it is his most comprehensive. If more philosophers throughout histo [...]


    19. Hume started this book when he was sixteen years old. He was unhappy with how he said certain things, and he republished it in parts.Hume writes about cause and effect. He says reason is and ought to be a slave of the passions. And views justice as an artificial virtue. I want to know more about what it means for justice to be an artificial virtue. It has something to do with convention. Also, I want to know more about how reason is supposed to be a slave to the passions sounds pretty interestin [...]


    20. Impressions and ideas. Support for Locke's rejection of the concept of substance.Support for Berkeley's rejection of abstract idea. These are the primary topics this essay deals with. The language is pretty straightforward. This seemed much more understandable than the notes we used to receive in class. Hume's clarity of presentation is really admirable,it's not something that every philosopher possess. Worth a second read because of the relation of the concepts discussed in this book with many [...]


    21. For Mr. Hume, everything begins with perception. Through memory perception drives what we feel and what we can know. These in turn provide the elements for human nature, morality, society, and individual behavior. In short, epistemology is driven by impression. Reason cannot give rise to an idea.


    22. Yes, yes, yes and yes. If you find yourself blundering through writing assignments or failing to express yourself in a clear and concise manner, pick up this volume. It is a treatise of perspicacity as well as human nature. I long to be as succinct as David Hume.


    23. ¿cómo pensamos? ¿cómo sentimos? uno de los trabajos magistrales del pensamiento de la humanidad. Algunas de sus afirmaciones han sido probadas por la ciencia contemporánea pero quizá lo más relevante es su propuesta sobre la empatía.¿Nos tomamos un café y lo conversamos?


    24. This was read along with Hume's Treatise of Human Nature for one of my first classes in Loyola University Chicago, "The History of Classical Modern Philosophy".


    25. Agnostic philosopher. Great book."Had i said,that two ideas of the same object can only be different by their different feeling.I shou'd have been nearer the truth."



    26. I started with this book, since it was Hume's first work, but I soon started to get extremely bored with this huge tome. It is too much repetition and too abstruse for my taste. After I started with A Treatise of Human Nature I learned that Hume wrote two Enquiries on the two main topics of this book - epistemology and morality. I also read that these two short(er) Enquiries are updated versions of his earlier thoughts (my assumption: 'less faulty'). So I decided to put this book down and read t [...]


    27. Un libro que va contra el racionalismo de la época moderna; es la antítesis del conocimiento a priori a toda experiencia empírica. Está dividido en tres apartados, creo que el más importante es el primero, pues es donde basa toda su filosofía empírica donde dice que todo conocimiento es producido por la sensación de los sentidos. Yo siempre he ido a la par del racionalismo, pero si realmente quieres tomar una postura debes afrontar la crítica más severa para tener argumentos sólidos. [...]



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