The Code of Hammurabi

The Code of Hammurabi

Hammurabi / Jun 17, 2019

The Code of Hammurabi The Code of Hammurabi is a well preserved ancient law code created circa BC in ancient Babylon It was enacted by the sixth Babylonian king Hammurabi The stele containing the Code of Hammurabi w

  • Title: The Code of Hammurabi
  • Author: Hammurabi
  • ISBN: 9781434404985
  • Page: 272
  • Format: Paperback
  • The Code of Hammurabi is a well preserved ancient law code, created circa 1760 BC in ancient Babylon It was enacted by the sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi The stele containing the Code of Hammurabi was discovered in 1901 by the Egyptologist Gustav Jequier, a member of the expedition headed by Jacques de Morgan The stele was discovered in what is now Khuzestan, Iran anThe Code of Hammurabi is a well preserved ancient law code, created circa 1760 BC in ancient Babylon It was enacted by the sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi The stele containing the Code of Hammurabi was discovered in 1901 by the Egyptologist Gustav Jequier, a member of the expedition headed by Jacques de Morgan The stele was discovered in what is now Khuzestan, Iran ancient Susa, Elam , where it had been taken as plunder by the Elamite king Shutruk Nahhunte in the 12th century BC It is currently on display at the Louvre Museum in Paris.

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      Published :2018-09-25T07:58:51+00:00

    About "Hammurabi"

      • Hammurabi

        Hammurabi Akkadian from Amorite Ammur pi, the kinsman is a healer , from Ammu, paternal kinsman , and R pi, healer died c 1750 BCE was the sixth king of Babylon that is, of the First Babylonian Dynasty from 1792 BCE to 1750 BCE middle chronology 1728 BCE 1686 BCE short chronology He became the first king of the Babylonian Empire following the abdication of his father, Sin Muballit, extending Babylon s control over Mesopotamia by winning a series of wars against neighboring kingdoms Although his empire controlled all of Mesopotamia at the time of his death, his successors were unable to maintain his empire.Hammurabi is known for the set of laws called Hammurabi s Code, one of the first written codes of law in recorded history These laws were inscribed on stone tablets stelae standing over eight feet tall 2.4 meters , of unknown provenance, found in Persia in 1901 Owing to his reputation in modern times as an ancient law giver, Hammurabi s portrait is in many government buildings throughout the world.Hammurabi is best known for the promulgation of a new code of Babylonian law the Code of Hammurabi One of the first written laws in the world, the Code of Hammurabi was inscribed on a stele and placed in a public place so that all could see it, although it is thought that few were literate The stele was later plundered by the Elamites and removed to their capital, Susa it was rediscovered there in 1901 and is now in the Louvre Museum in Paris The code of Hammurabi contained 282 laws, written by scribes on 12 tablets Unlike earlier laws, it was written in Akkadian, the daily language of Babylon, and could therefore be read by any literate person in the city.The structure of the code is very specific, with each offense receiving a specified punishment The punishments tended to be very harsh by modern standards, with many offenses resulting in death, disfigurement, or the use of the Eye for eye, tooth for tooth Lex Talionis Law of Retaliation philosophy The code is also one of the earliest examples of the idea of presumption of innocence, and it also suggests that the accused and accuser have the opportunity to provide evidence However, there is no provision for extenuating circumstances to alter the prescribed punishment.A carving at the top of the stele portrays Hammurabi receiving the laws from the god Shamash or possibly Marduk, and the preface states that Hammurabi was chosen by the gods of his people to bring the laws to them Parallels between this narrative and the giving of laws by Yahweh in Jewish tradition to Moses and similarities between the two legal codes suggest a common ancestor in the Semitic background of the two Fragments of previous law codes have been found David P Wright argues that the Jewish law used Hammurabi s collection as a model, imitating both its structure and content.Similar codes of law were created in several nearby civilizations, including the earlier Mesopotamian examples of Ur Nammu s code, Laws of Eshnunna, and Code of Lipit Ishtar, and the later Hittite code of laws.Because of Hammurabi s reputation as a lawgiver, his depiction can be found in several U.S government buildings Hammurabi is one of the 23 lawgivers depicted in marble bas reliefs in the chamber of the U.S House of Representatives in the United States Capitol A frieze by Adolph Weinman depicting the great lawgivers of history , including Hammurabi, is on the south wall of the U.S Supreme Court building.


    125 Comments


    1. The lesson I learned from this surprisingly early system of laws is this: if you do something even vaguely wrong it is likely that you ' shall be put to death.'No wonder the empire lasted so long. People were shit-scared that their cow might wander into someone else's field! But jokes aside, this was really enlightening in the sense that I never knew there existed such a well-thought out code of law (albeit a bloody one) to deter theft, vandalism, murder and slander, that hinged above all things [...]



    2. It is not my place to discuss the justice or the harshness of these laws (some of which were pretty harsh, I tell you), but I found this book satisfying.Considering its origins and its being the first known code of law in the world, it was very well-ordered and thorough; assaults, murder, theft, slander, trade, land, animals, slaves, hirement, public services, political corruption, marriage, adoption, inheritence and other family affairs with 282 laws, the code covers all the aspects of life.


    3. The only truly interesting things about this was its origin. It's the first known code of laws. But other than a few harsh punishments for seemingly minor things, there's not much to marvel at.


    4. The Code of Hammurabi was a great breakthrough in the criminal justice system, setting a precedent for future refinements in the codes of various cultures. Not only was it uniform in its treatment of all the people of the Babylonian nation, but it recognized the political corruption inherent in offices of authority, and introduced a great deal of measures to prevent abuse of that power, as well as heightened penalties for the privileged classes in violation of the code.This code is comprehensive [...]


    5. "So the strong should not harm the weak." - from the prologue; King Hammurabi on why he established the world's first law code.A fascinating view into life at the dawn of human civilization. FYI: There is no law thirteen !Some interesting laws:-------------------------# 128. If a man takes a woman to wife, but has no intercourse with her, this woman is no wife to him.# 132. If the finger is pointed at a man's wife about another man, but she is not caught sleeping with the other man, she shall ju [...]


    6. Not a book you would read for enjoyment, but still a good to read if you are majoring in world history or criminal justice. The code is basically an eye for an eye, while someone are pretty much the same now as it was before, I just felt like some crimes deserved more punishment. Like if a son where to hit his father the son would have his fingers cut off, but if a man where to hit a woman which caused a miscarriage he would have to pay her money, which to me that man deserves to have his finger [...]


    7. I remember learning about Hammurabi's laws in high school, but we didn't have to read the actual laws. I see now what a good decision that was. Ol' Hammy gets way too specific - this reads like a transcript of every specific case ever brought to court in Sumer. Plus, there's a long intro telling us how the gods picked Hamms as king, and an even longer epilogue full of curses on any future king who changes the laws. Might've been big news at the time, but it's pretty long-winded and narcissistic [...]


    8. The Code of Hammurabi reminds me of some of the laws in the Book of Leviticus in the Old Testament of the Bible. There are laws concerning relationships between men, women, and children, as well as payment or restitution for the harming or killing of others. There are also many laws concerning the payments for farming, crops, and trade, and use and care of others animals, servants, and slaves. The Code is missing some text, so we don't have all the laws that were written, but it gives us a good [...]


    9. العين بالعين و السن بالسن,,شريعة حامورابي اشتملت على قوانين نجحت في تنظيم حياة البابليين وكانت سبب رئيسي في تحضرهم,,تلك المواد القانونية وضعت لكفل حقوق الفرد البابلي وتنظيم حياته الاقتصادية والاجتماعية بحسب انتمائه الطبقي للمجتمع. إن وجود تلك العقوبات الصارمة لمخالفي هذه ا [...]




    10. A disturbing look into ancient Mesopotamia, through the laws passed by King Hammurabi almost 4000 years ago. I appreciate Judge Judy all the more after reading this. What do we learn from reading these 282 laws? We learn that humanity has changed! I daresay for the better. A lot of the laws are settling property and contract disputes. So the code prescribes price and wage fixing--Adam Smith is still millennia in the future. You get the classic eye for an eye that appears later in the Jewish holy [...]


    11. There are so many gruesome ways to punish another person. It goes well beyond "eye for an eye" (law 196) and tooth for a tooth" (law 200). This source material provides a glimpse into the value system of the Babylonian dynasty. The fact that laws 66 - 99 are missing is disappointing. This is such an excellent window into the value system of this place at that time; I'm sure we've missed much by not seeing those laws. The Code of Hammurabi focuses on the following subjects: Slavery (the text stri [...]


    12. This is a collection of laws, most of which were already in place before Hammurabi unified them into his Code. It must have been progressive for his time, but it doesn't look so dignified today. It is very clear that Abrahamic religious edicts have similar roots with ancient Babylonian law. The Old Testament style and temperament strongly resembles Ancient Akkadian and Sumerian texts, but I'm getting this impression based on English translations. It's interesting and eye-opening to see the threa [...]


    13. "If a judge try a case, reach a decision, and present his judgment in writing; if later error shall appear in his decision, and it be through his own fault, then he shall pay twelve times the fine set by him in the case, and he shall be publicly removed from the judge’s bench, and never again shall he sit there to render judgement."


    14. My daughter studied The Code of Hammurabi (not this edition) for homeschool using Omnibus 1 as a guide. It was quite an eye opener for her, and at times she was furious. Comparing Hammurabi's Code to Old Testament laws was a very interesting exercise, too.I, too, benefited from rereading this and found it more fascinating than the first time.


    15. An inteseting read! The Code of Hammurabi shows a sophisticated society, in which laws were modified so as to fit a particular country and people! Every time I read about these early civilizations, It surprizes me to find really sophisticated and advanced thoughts and achievements.



    16. Obviously this is not the kind of book you read for its literature and creativity. It was an interesting read though as you get to see how even ancient civilizations had law and order instilled in their lives, whereas we are still struggling to conform. The punishments might be different and the crimes on a wider scale but the fundamentals of this system are still in place. Being a translated version, the book I read does not do the actual code of Hammurabi justice.


    17. 40 pages of commonsense laws. A large chunk of them deal with responsibility, trying to fix moral hazard. It has no bull shit rules like the cleanliness laws of the bible. Some examples:226. If a barber, without the knowledge of his master,cut the sign of a slave on a slave not to be sold,the hands of this barber shall be cut off.227. If any one deceive a barber, and have him mark aslave not for sale with the sign of a slave, heshall be put to death, and buried in his house.The barber shall swea [...]


    18. A list of laws, penalties, fines, wages and fees in ancient Babylonia. What is a fairly dry list of laws actually provides a lot of insight into life in ancient times. Reading the laws provides evidence of the presence of • agriculture, irrigation canals, tillage, tenancy of land, corn and sesame, orchards, sheep grown for wool (and prey to lions), and allowance for storm, flood and drought• belief in magic and witchcraft• slavery• doctors and veterinarians (with set fees, and penalties [...]


    19. The Code of Hammurabi, from the third millenium B.C.E was an attempt to encode various laws into a fairly straight forward justice system. Numerous specific crimes are mentioned, along with very specific punishments. Most of the crimes revolve around things dealing with farming, buying and selling things, and debts.Punishments ranged from paying a fine (in money or goods/animals), to somewhat much more severe, like having a hand cut off, all the way to death. Some of the things I found most inte [...]


    20. Created out of divine authority, world's first code of laws is quite an amusing read.It surprised me with some of its humane laws:If a man has incurred a debt and a storm has flooded his field or carried away the crop, or the corn has not grown because of drought, in that year he shall not pay his creditor. Further, he shall post-date his bond and shall not pay interest for that year.I mean okay there is capital sentence even for such minor crimes as burgalaries and theft but that is to be expec [...]


    21. Tedious but well organized in topics. All in all interesting short read.§1 and §2 about sorcery. Giving you the impression that killing sorcerers and witches is the oldest sport in the planet, and pagan much before it ever became christian.§3 to §13 about legal practices. Judicial misconduct, witness protection, perjury.§14 to §127 has some missing text, but it's generally about property (including slaves and banking).§128 to §184 about women, family and marriage, and it's kinda hard to [...]


    22. A very difficult book to rate, since it's not actually a book, but a historical document. It's interesting because it exists and we can read and understand the language, and thus learn something about the society this law text originated in. It's even fascinating to the curious layperson who knows next to nothing about this time and place in history (that would be me). I'll give it four stars because it's an important document. But it's of course most of interest to scholars. On a side note: It' [...]


    23. It's an essential text that should be part of the academic curriculum. It's more than obvious the relationship of the Code and later Jewish writings as well as the Christian Bible. There may have been earlier texts, but this so predates the Bible that we can see the threads of the Judeo-Christian tradition. You then have to ask yourself where does the Christian God fit into all of this? It's clear where and approximately when as well as who passed down the Ten Commandments?The Code can be read c [...]


    24. I have not tried other translations yet, but this is an easy and understandable read for anybody interested in some of the world's oldest recorded laws. I highly recommend this book if you're interested in the evolution of popular morality. The Hammurabi version of "fairness" is extremely interesting too - for example, a poor man is fined less than a rich man in cases of ill fortune or even law breaking (they even paid less for the doctor, erm, bronze lancet treatment), yet if a poor man injures [...]


    25. In this codex, Hammurabi covers issues regarding murder, thievery, slavery, leases, trade, and some about children and women. It's fascinating that such ancient laws were able to be created and even documented in a smart fashion unto stone tablets and steles, to be deciphered by nowadays linguists. I always remember the first time I heard about this law from junior high school back then without knowing what's being written inside of it, though.Well, I thought the law that King Hammurabi set upon [...]


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