Monadology

Monadology

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Nicholas Rescher / Dec 07, 2019

Monadology G W Leibniz Monadology one of the most important pieces of the Leibniz corpus is at once one of the great classics of modern philosophy one of its most puzzling productions Because the essay is writ

  • Title: Monadology
  • Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Nicholas Rescher
  • ISBN: 9780822954491
  • Page: 183
  • Format: Paperback
  • G.W Leibniz Monadology, one of the most important pieces of the Leibniz corpus, is at once one of the great classics of modern philosophy one of its most puzzling productions Because the essay is written in so compactly condensed a fashion, for almost three centuries it has baffled beguiled those who read it for the 1st time Nicholas Rescher accompanies theG.W Leibniz Monadology, one of the most important pieces of the Leibniz corpus, is at once one of the great classics of modern philosophy one of its most puzzling productions Because the essay is written in so compactly condensed a fashion, for almost three centuries it has baffled beguiled those who read it for the 1st time Nicholas Rescher accompanies the text of the Monadology section by section with relevant excerpts from some of Leibniz widely scattered discussions of the matters at issue The result serves a dual purpose of providing a commentary of the Monadology by Leibniz himself, while at the same time supplying an exposition of his philosophy using the Monadology as an outline The book contains all the materials that even the most careful study of this text could require a detailed overview of the philosophical background of the work of its bibliographic ramifications a presentation of the original French text together with a new, closely faithful English translation a selection of other relevant Leibniz texts a detailed commentary Rescher also provides a survey of Leibniz use of analogies three separate indices of key terms expressions, Leibniz French terminology, citations Rescher s edition of the Monadology presents Leibniz ideas faithfully, accurately accessibly, making it especially valuable to scholars students alike.

    The Principles of Philosophy known as Monadology Monadology G W Leibniz sense of completeness, self suf ciency, causal power In he will connect entelechy with the monad s central role in the life of a body of which it is the soul We could give the name entelechy Leiniz s Monadology The monad, of which we will speak here, is nothing else than a simple substance, which goes to make up compounds by simple, we mean without parts. There must be simple substances because there are compound substances for the compound is nothing else than a collection or aggregatum of simple substances. Now, where there are no constituent parts there is possible neither extension THE MONADOLOGY rbjones THE MONADOLOGY by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz translated by Robert Latta The Monad, of which we shall here speak, is nothing but a simple substance, which enters into compounds By simple is meant without parts Theod And there must be simple substances, since there are compounds for a compound is nothing but a collection or aggregatum of simple things. Monadology Definition of Monadology by Merriam Webster History and Etymology for monadology French monadologie, from monade monad from Late Latin monad , monas o logie logy Keep scrolling for Learn More about monadology Share monadology Resources for monadology Time Traveler Explore the year a word first appeared. Monadology Define Monadology at Dictionary Monadology, rightly understood, does not oppose the ideas of the Christian religion, as I will demonstrate immediately The Home Fredrika Bremer It is fairly obvious that the Leibnizian monadology is the necessary outcome of any such philosophy The Monadology definition of Monadology by The Free Dictionary Leibniz develops this explicitly in the Monadology and elsewhere, but the ideas developed there emerge in the New Essays as well, despite Leibniz s professed attempt to meet Locke on the latter s own terms. Monadology by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz G.W Leibniz Monadology, one of the most important pieces of the Leibniz corpus, is at once one of the great classics of modern philosophy one of its most puzzling productions.Because the essay is written in so compactly condensed a fashion, for almost three centuries it has baffled beguiled those who read it for the st time.

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      • Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Nicholas Rescher

        Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz la bn ts German tf i t v lh lm f n la bn ts or la pn ts July 1, 1646 November 14, 1716 was a German polymath and philosopher.He occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy Most scholars believe Leibniz developed calculus independently of Isaac Newton, and Leibniz s notation has been widely used ever since it was published It was only in the 20th century that his Law of Continuity and Transcendental Law of Homogeneity found mathematical implementation by means of non standard analysis He became one of the most prolific inventors in the field of mechanical calculators While working on adding automatic multiplication and division to Pascal s calculator, he was the first to describe a pinwheel calculator in 1685 and invented the Leibniz wheel, used in the arithmometer, the first mass produced mechanical calculator He also refined the binary number system, which is the foundation of virtually all digital computers.In philosophy, Leibniz is most noted for his optimism, i.e his conclusion that our Universe is, in a restricted sense, the best possible one that God could have created, an idea that was often lampooned by others such as Voltaire Leibniz, along with Ren Descartes and Baruch Spinoza, was one of the three great 17th century advocates of rationalism The work of Leibniz anticipated modern logic and analytic philosophy, but his philosophy also looks back to the scholastic tradition, in which conclusions are produced by applying reason of first principles or prior definitions rather than to empirical evidence.Leibniz made major contributions to physics and technology, and anticipated notions that surfaced much later in philosophy, probability theory, biology, medicine, geology, psychology, linguistics, and computer science He wrote works on philosophy, politics, law, ethics, theology, history, and philology Leibniz s contributions to this vast array of subjects were scattered in various learned journals, in tens of thousands of letters, and in unpublished manuscripts He wrote in several languages, but primarily in Latin, French, and German There is no complete gathering of the writings of Leibniz.


    726 Comments

    1. من اصلا و ابدا صلاحيت نظر دادن در اين مورد ندارم، اما فكر مى كنم تا حدى خنده دار باشه كه رشناليست ها كه اولين پرچم دارشون (دكارت) به عنوان ويران كننده فلسفه معقود و غيرمعقول مدرسى شناخته ميشه، بر اثر دنبال كردن مفاهيم و مبانى همين دكارت، تا كجا پيش رفتن! و دست فلاسفه مدرسى رو در [...]


    2. What a delightfully bizarre reading experience this has been. Who needs mind-altering substances when you have Leibnizian metaphysics? I doubt any psychoactive chemicals could take one on a trip into as queer realms as this work opens up. Surely among the strangest species of metaphysical cartography in existence, and this says a lot, since the category of metaphysical queerness is a very competitive category indeed. And what is even more bizarre is how much sense this makes. Stranger still is t [...]


    3. نمره ی واقعی: دو و نیمچند سالی می گذره از آخرین باری که منادولوژی رو باز کردم - سال ها پیش که بابت تحقیق واحد درسی مربوطه به سراغش رفته بودم؛ این بار هم البته درس و مدرسه علت دوباره ی سر زدن به این کتاب بود - این بار برای پایان نامهچنانکه در مقدمه ی مهدوی آمده، چهار ترجمه از این کت [...]


    4. مراجعة كتاب “ المونادولوجيا” للفيلسوف الألماني لايبنتزقد يبدو عنوان هذا الكتاب غامضاً بعض الشيء إلا أن لايبنتز يقدم تعريف لما يسميه بالــ “المونادا” و هي الجواهر البسيطة غير القابلة للتجزئة ، حيث يطرح فكرة الجوهر البسيط مقابل المركب. و يقصد بالجوهر البسيط الروح أو النفس [...]


    5. So that's what monads are! Leibniz is one of the best thinkers I have ever come across and he's a very clear writer. This book makes me think of the line, "besides that Mrs. Lincoln how did you like the play". Because, if you can get past the "best possible of all worlds", the necessary and absolute that he claims he gets from 'a priori' and 'a posterior' knowledge, his 'efficient and final cause', and his entelechy (think Bergson's 'elan vital') and his other religious items his monads make an [...]


    6. Leibniz's Monadology is notoriously difficult reading. Even students that have a basic understanding of the development of the notions of substance and body, from Aristotle through Descartes and Newton, have trouble grasping Leibniz's views on monads and aggregation; even more so how such concepts relate to, and are attempts to solve problems associated with, Aristotelian hylomorphism, substantial forms, Cartesian extension, and mechanistic corpuscularianism, to name just a few key notions.Resc [...]


    7. Those monads drove me nuts in my undergraduate Early Modern Philosophy class, where I was perfectly beguiled by Locke and Hume. I remember sitting in the class on Leibniz day being like, "So, WHAT ARE THE MONADS? Am I a monad? Is the table a monad? Are the atoms that make up the table monads?" "Yes." "HOW? THIS IS INSANE!!!!" I will also never forget Leibniz's bypassing of cause and effect via the notion that monads do not interact; they only appear to through the conjunction of the "unfolding" [...]


    8. Atakan ismindeki birinden böyle geleneksel terimlere sahip çıkan bir çeviri beklemezdim, ne yalan söyleyeyim. Bir de üstüne önsözde, okurdan geleneksel terimleri tercih ettiğim için beni anlayışla karşılamalarını umarım, demiş. Abicim ne anlayışı, sevincimden hopladım yerimde sjffhd.Yaa bir de, kitap bana acayip çikolata hatırlatıyor. Adamın adını nerelerde kullanmışlar, aklıma evvela hep bu geliyor uploadmedia/ :(~


    9. Un libro fundamental para entender a Leibniz. Aparece la transición del pensamiento clásico al moderno, la restricción histórica del pensamiento filosófico y a la compleja combinación de mecanicismo y misticismo de uno de los fundadores del cálculo infinitesimal en el siglo diecisiete, en competencia con Newton. La mónada es un concepto metafísico. Creo que el propósito de Leibniz es avanzar a partir de Aristóteles en la comprensión de la sustancia -completa- o la forma en el sentido [...]


    10. هذا الكتيب الصغير الذى إحتوت أكثر من نصف صفحاته على مقدمة المترجم واحتوت نصف صفحات الترجمة على هوامش من وضع المترجم فكان ما فهمته من موضوع الكتاب لا يتعدى نقاطاً قليلة معدودة فى فلسفة ليبنتز الميتافيزيقية لكنها بالضرورة لقوتها وأصالتها تقود العقل لمسائل أخرى كالمسألة الأخ [...]


    11. It's an interesting an elegant system, and from a poetic perspective I find it to be rather charming. It's also an interesting read when considered in the context of the mind-body debate Leibniz was trying to address, and as a reaction to Cartesianism. From a modern perspective it isn't going to be of much utility, as the natural ontology he outlines (animals all the way down; gardens within gardens; infinitively divisible simple substances) is, to a certain extent, at odds with modern physics.


    12. La filosofía ha perdido el valor, como el que tuvo Leibniz, de preguntar por el significado de la existencia.


    13. This is an easy, short work but one that is quite difficult to comprehend. So much of it goes against the widely accepted atomic view of the universe. If one wants to appreciate the depth of Leibniz's system, a knowledge of some of Aristotle's and Descartes' ideas is necessary, as is a familiarity of the competing materialist/atomist system of the time via John Locke and others. First off, the monad is originally a Pythagorean idea. It is a point, self contained and the first of anything. Everyt [...]




    14. A bit tedious. But it was interesting to get a look into the mind of one of the fathers of calculus. I wonder if I would have done better in calculus if I had read this first?



    15. "Every single substance stands in relations which express all the others. Whence every single substance is a perpetual living mirror of the universe."Bretty good


    16. Leibniz's brief philosophy presenting in 90 short paragraphs the metaphysics of simple substances referred to as monads, the monad he intoduces immediately in the text, "The monad, of which we will speak here, is nothing else than a simple substance, which goes to make up compounds; by simple, we mean without parts". He begins by decribing simple substances and compounds as in monad number 2 "There must be simple substances because there are compound substances; for the compound is nothing else [...]


    17. ---Read this and reviews of other classics in Western Philosophy on the History page of BestPhilosophyBooks (athinkPhilosophy Production).---Gottfried Wilhelm Freiherr von Leibniz was a German mathematician and philosopher who not only helped to perfect the binary system of numbers that is the basis for all computing systems, but also laid the groundwork for much contemporary analytic philosophy and logic, and made significant contributions to linguistics. Despite his numerous contributions to a [...]



    18. This book is available as a single html page:home.datacomm/kerguelen/monUseful book for the modern armchair philosopher.Alternative to the Newtonian paradigm.I'm about halfway through, so I'll spout off my understanding.There is "perfect" sequence of events, symbolically described, somewhat like a computer program, but not limited by a programming language. The sequence is perhaps infinite. The sequence is self-contained cannot be influenced by anything else. Leibniz calls this sequence God.All [...]


    19. A really short and relatively easy read if you're at least somewhat familiar with the terminology. In some ways this feels pretty vapid, like Leibniz is bending over backward to preserve God's glory. But some genuinely fascinating ideas do come out of it, particularly the idea that in some sense, the universe contains an infinite number of iterations of itself; that it is its own repetition:“[…] there is a world of created things, of living beings, of animals, of entelechies, of souls, in th [...]


    20. Certainly very interesting in itself with many ideas I can't really claim to have fully understood. It is also curious as a piece of history showing the growing scientific mind struggling to make sense of the increasingly complex physical world. Humans are animals and matter, but somehow distinct. The Monadology, as a condensed version of Leibniz's explanation of the metaphysical tries to give reason to a world conceived of and directed by an infinite God filled with matter obeying cause and eff [...]


    21. Valuable, I suppose, as a very condensed statement of some of Leibniz' philosophy. Said philosophy itself, though, doesn't appeal to me. It blends pre-modern mechanistic principles with old Greek/ thought about the ideal perfections of God, never quite producing a framework that I'd consider believable or esp. helpful to understanding life. I can't begrudge the piece the little time it took to read, but neither did it particularly pique my interest in Leibniz.


    22. If I'm honest, I've never been a fan of philosophy trying to present itself as a methodical science (vis-a-vis Spinoza etc.) because it really doesn't befit it. The definitions are unavoidably inaccurate, and it is seriously difficult to do anything with the propositions. As such, I can only understand why Voltaire felt the need to mercilessly parody it.


    23. I don't buy Leibniz's brand of occasionalism, philosophical optimism, or even his assuredness that there is an infinite, necessarily existing simple substance he calls 'God.' But I found his arguments to be, for the most part, cogent, and his no nonsense, nearly mathematical form of composition to eschew the unnecessary obfuscation that oftentimes accompanies longer, rambling works of philosophy.




    24. ترجمة رائعة لعبد الغفار مكاوي لمصدر المونادلوجيا للفيلسوف الألماني ليبنتز توفي 1716وبالتأكيد لاغني عن الكتاب لو أنك تدرس نظرية الذرة الروحية عند ليبنتز


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