فلسفه‌ای برای زندگی: رواقی زیستن در دنیای امروز

فلسفه‌ای برای زندگی: رواقی زیستن در دنیای امروز

William B. Irvine محمود مقدسی / Aug 24, 2019

One of the great fears many of us face is that despite all our effort and striving we will discover at the end that we have wasted our life In A Guide to the Good Life William B Irvine plumbs the wi

  • Title: فلسفه‌ای برای زندگی: رواقی زیستن در دنیای امروز
  • Author: William B. Irvine محمود مقدسی
  • ISBN: 9786007289075
  • Page: 112
  • Format: Paperback
  • One of the great fears many of us face is that despite all our effort and striving, we will discover at the end that we have wasted our life In A Guide to the Good Life, William B Irvine plumbs the wisdom of Stoic philosophy, one of the most popular and successful schools of thought in ancient Rome, and shows how its insight and advice are still remarkably applicable toOne of the great fears many of us face is that despite all our effort and striving, we will discover at the end that we have wasted our life In A Guide to the Good Life, William B Irvine plumbs the wisdom of Stoic philosophy, one of the most popular and successful schools of thought in ancient Rome, and shows how its insight and advice are still remarkably applicable to modern lives In A Guide to the Good Life, Irvine offers a refreshing presentation of Stoicism, showing how this ancient philosophy can still direct us toward a better life Using the psychological insights and the practical techniques of the Stoics, Irvine offers a roadmap for anyone seeking to avoid the feelings of chronic dissatisfaction that plague so many of us Irvine looks at various Stoic techniques for attaining tranquility and shows how to put these techniques to work in our own life As he does so, he describes his own experiences practicing Stoicism and offers valuable first hand advice for anyone wishing to live better by following in the footsteps of these ancient philosophers Readers learn how to minimize worry, how to let go of the past and focus our efforts on the things we can control, and how to deal with insults, grief, old age, and the distracting temptations of fame and fortune We learn from Marcus Aurelius the importance of prizing only things of true value, and from Epictetus we learn how to be content with what we have Finally, A Guide to the Good Life shows readers how to become thoughtful observers of their own lives If we watch ourselves as we go about our daily business and later reflect on what we saw, we can better identify the sources of distress and eventually avoid that pain in our life By doing this, the Stoics thought, we can hope to attain a truly joyful life.

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      • William B. Irvine محمود مقدسی

        William B. Irvine محمود مقدسی Is a well-known author, some of his books are a fascination for readers like in the فلسفه‌ای برای زندگی: رواقی زیستن در دنیای امروز book, this is one of the most wanted William B. Irvine محمود مقدسی author readers around the world.


    923 Comments

    1. در یکی از فیلم های سه گانۀ نیمه شب، جسی (ایثان هاک) آزمایشی را نقل می کند: برندگان بخت آزمایی پس از مدتی که جایزۀ هنگفت بخت آزمایی را بردند، باز به همان شخصیتی که قبل از ثروتمند شدن بودند، تبدیل می شوند: اگر قبل از این شاد و پرنشاط بودند، باز هم شاد و پرنشاط می شوند، اما با یک پورش [...]


    2. I picked this up from a recommendation on the Stoicism subreddit. I went there from a passing curiosity I developed while reading about Zen Buddhism, and I was curious about how they differed. I basically discovered a doctrine (sorry: philosophy of life) I was already living by, and it was kind of eerie reading it. I cleared it in 3-4 hours. The book could've used less arguing with invisible people. It quickly adopts a defensive tone, as if universally persecuted - you're not selling Satanism to [...]


    3. There will be—or already has been!—a last time in your life that you brush your teeth, cut your hair, drive a car, mow the lawn, or play hopscotch.In my review of Feeling Good, a self-help book, I noted the lack of practical philosophies in the modern world. Far from an original insight, I now see that this idea is a relatively common criticism of contemporary education and modern philosophy. The other day, for example, I stumbled upon a YouTube channel, the School of Life, an educational pr [...]


    4. 1. می گویند در یونان باستان -برخلاف ایران باستان که حکومتی دیکتاتوری داشت- به سبب حکومت دموکراتیک اش، کسانی دارای شانیت بالاتر ِ اجتماعی بودند که توانایی شان در اقناع کردن مردمان بیشتر و بیشتر بود؛ از این رو بود که بازار مدارس آموزش فلسفه و منطق و جدل و خطابه داغ ِ داغ بود. در ای [...]


    5. رواقیان هم مثل بودایی ها ما را به فکر کردن به سرشت ناپایدار جهان فرا می خوانند. سنکا تاکید می کند که هر چیز انسانی زودگذر و ناپایدار است.مارکوس هم همین نکته را به ما گوشزد می کند که همه ی چیزهای ارزشمند ما انسان ها همچون برگ درختان به وزش بادی بندند.او تاکید می کند که ناپایداری و [...]


    6. به همه توصیه می‌کنم. کتاب ساده و خوش‌خوانه و چیزی نیست که مختص قشر خاصی باشه. توصیه‌ها و تکنیک‌های رواقی برای دستیابی به هدف نهایی رواقیون، یعنی آرامش، از پشتوانۀ منطقی و عقلی درستی برخورداره و برا همین آدم قبول می‌کنه. لااقل من که نتونستم خیلی چون و چرا کنم. در ضمن فهمیدم بع [...]


    7. مدتى پيش با دوستان رواقى(سِنِكا جان،ماركوس خانِ اورليوس و) آشنا شدم و در پى كتابى بودم كه باب آشنايى مرا با اين عزيزان بيشتر بگشايد.نويسنده ابتدا تاريخچه تقريبا كاملى از شكل گيري و تكامل اين مكتب را در اختيار خواننده قرار ميدهد و سپس به بررسى تكنيك هاى روانشناختى و توصيه هاى ا [...]


    8. There aren't many books written on a philosophy of life as there are 'philosophies' for life out there; and there aren't many books that exist in the great divide between academic philosophy and water-downed caricatures of philosophy (think Consolation of Philosophy but PART TWO). Mr Irvine's book, however, provides one fairly detailed philosophy of life as Stoicism goes and bridges the divide by not only describing what is Stoicism but also, how to practice Stoicism for both tranquility and joy [...]


    9. به قول معروف هر چیزی باید ساده باشد، اما نه خیلی ساده! مخصوصا وقتی از فلسفه حرف می زنیم، خطر تبدیل کردن مفاهیم فلسفی به حرفهای روزمره وجود دارد و این اتفاقی است که تا حدی در این کتاب هم رخ داده است. یعنی گاهی انسان فکر می کند که با کتاب تجاری برای پروراندن مهارتهای شخصی روبرو است [...]


    10. "وقتی در یک مسابقه قایقرانی شرکت میکنم، علی الظاهر تلاش میکنم قایقران های دیگر را شکست بدهم، اما در حقیقت درگیر رقابت مهم تری هستم: رقابت با خودم. خودِ دیگرم دیگرم تمایلی به یادگیری قایقرانی ندارد. ترجیح میدهد در رختخواب گرم و نرمش بماند.".برای رواقی شدن یک بار خوندن این کتاب فا [...]


    11. وقتی که این کتاب رو خریده بودم فکر می کردم قرارِ با یه کتاب فلسفی روبرو بشم، اما کم کم که پیش می رفتم کم کم حس کردم تا حدودی دارم از فلسفه فاصله می گیرم.کتاب من رو بیشتر به یاد کتاب های زرد می انداخت.فصل اول، بیشتر معرفی تاریخ فلسفه ی رواقی، ومعرفی فیلسوف های رواقی بوده.اما در ادا [...]


    12. This book gets 5 stars for subject, 2 stars for execution. The Stoics themselves are fascinating and every quote is a gem. However, the author doesn't trust the ancient Stoics to carry the argument. Instead, his account is a series of straw man arguments ("you might think that a Stoic would eat babies, but there's another reading" Not quite that bad but almost.). Further, when he gets to the section on updating Stoicism for the modern world, the section where he has to do the heavy lifting by hi [...]


    13. کتابی عمیقاً مسئولانه و آموزنده که تفسیری امروزین از عقاید رواقیون را در جهان مدرن تصویر می‌کند. هرچند می‌توان گام‌به‌گام با کتاب همراه شد و از روانی متن لذت برد، ولی برای من به‌شخصه کتاب همدلی برنمی‌انگیزد.


    14. This was a pretty good if brief introduction to the Stoic philosophy. What's notable about it is that the author, William Irvine, is not merely presenting historical information about the Stoics, or a primer on Stoicism for purely educational purposes, but actually advocating Stoicism as a philosophy of life with applicability to modern Westerners. He spends some time talking about the history of the Stoic schools and pointing out that Stoics really did spend time constructing "proofs" that the [...]


    15. فلسفه ای برای زندگی کتابی در توضیح و تشریح مکتب رواقیون و در نهایت رواقی زیستن در دنیای امروز است. کتاب از چهار بخش "ظهور رواقی گری", راهکارهای روانشناختی رواقی", "توصیه های رواقی" و "رواقی زیستن در زندگی مدرن" تشکیل شده است. مکتب رواقیون به دنبال الویت بندی ارزشهای زندگی و به دنب [...]


    16. The author's first book, On Desire: Why We Want What We Want was great, so I was pleased to have the opportunity to read this new one. Professor Irvine suggests that many people are dissatisfied and gloomy because we unconsciously live a lifestyle he calls "enlightened hedonism", in which we try to maximise the pleasure we experience, believing that as soon as we achieve a given goal, we'll be happy. The problem is that other unfulfilled desires instantly well up to take their place. He puts for [...]


    17. Recommended to: If you are interested in applying philosophical views and wisdom to your life and if you value tranquility and inner peace above all.What this book is about: The author William Irvine who is a professor of philosophy at Wright Stare university after having read through many philosophy schools from Zen Buddhist to Cynics and Stoics has come into conclusion that living a stoic life is worth pursuing due to its promising benefit which is tranquility and joy. He has thus compiled tea [...]


    18. This popular book won't be of much interest to those who have already read Seneca, Epictetus, Musonius Rufus, and Marcus Aurelius, or, indeed, to anybody who has read a solid introduction to their thought.Nor would it satisfy those looking for a clear and concise description of Stoic psychological techniques or 'exercises': for that, one might turn to "Stoic Spiritual Exercises" by Elen Buzare.However, the book may be of interest to those seeking an easy-to-digest introductory exposition of Stoi [...]


    19. فلسفه های زندگی دو جز دارند: به ما می گویند چه چیزهایی در زندگی ارزش دنبال کردن دارند و به ما یاد می دهند چطور به این چیزهای ارزشمند برسیم. همانطور که دیدیم از نظر رواقیون فقط آرامش ارزش دنبال کردن دارد/ ص 297کتاب بسیار خوب و کاربردی ست و نکات بسیار ساده اما عمیقی درون خودش دارد. پ [...]


    20. As much as I wanted to like this book, I'm forced to give it little more than a resounding "meh" with a B+ for effort. As much as I enjoy the subject matter, and appreciated the author's attempt to bring an ancient philosophy in line with the present day (which he does do with success), the writing itself feels stuck somewhere between a soft, feel-good self-help title that helps one live their life to the fullest, and a serious academic study of an influential philosophy. It seems Irvine couldn' [...]


    21. «آدم‌های امروزی باور دارند که زندگی معنادار و رضایت‌بخش تنها در صورتی به دست می‌آید که به قدر کافی خرید کرده باشند. برای همین به جای داشتن فلسفه‌ای برای زندگی٬ تمام اوقاتشان را صرف کار کردن می‌کنند تا بتوانند آخرین کالاهای مد روز بخرند. » کتاب با توضیحاتی در مورد لزوم داشتن [...]


    22. می‌گه برای اینکه زندگی رو هدر ندیم و یا چیزهای بیهوده رو دنبال نکنیم و موقع مرگ کارمون به افسوس خوردن نرسه، زندگی ما باید یک فلسفه کلی داشته باشه؛ فلسفه‌ای که جهت و معنای زندگی ما رو مشخص می‌کنه. حالا چه چیزی اون قدر ارزش داره که بتونیم زندگی رو در راهش صرف کنیم؟ رواقی‌ها می‌ [...]


    23. داشتن فلسفه اي براي زيستن و زيستن به همان نحوي كه برايش ساخته شده ايم، دغدغه ي بسياري از فلاسفه و برخي مردم عادي هست، شايد داشتن حياتي كه هنگام رسيدن مرگمان حسرت ها و اي كاش هاي كمتري داشته باشيم، خواسته ي بسياري از انسان هاي امروزي است. در اين كتاب نويسنده به معرفي فلسفه رواقي [...]


    24. Dr. Irvine presents Stoicism in its own context from the Roman period (which is the one where the ethics are more clearly developed, although it doesn't deal with the virtue and proto-physics of the Greek Stoics) and then puts it in a modern psychologized and evolutionary context.First, this book is wonderfully layman friendly. He doesn't use the exact Greek and Roman terms. He doesn't discuss apatheia, prohairesis, and sunkatathesis. Dr. Irvine discusses tranquility, virtue, and reason. Dr. Irv [...]


    25. Stoicism is a discipline, adopted by ancient Greeks and Roman philosophers, as a path to achieve tranquillity or peace of mind. The idea of a simplified life as philosophy of life, like the Stoics proposed, appeals to me, so I was very interested in reading this book.After a brief history of the movement and its major exponents (Seneca, Epictetus, Musonius, Marcus Aurelius), the author interprets the stoic teachings turning them into suggestions to be applied to modern lives. Although it gives s [...]


    26. Lucky for me, some years back I stumbled into Diogenes, who refused to write prescriptions but referred me to the Stoics and Cynics. Slowly, I learned how to better bear the onslaught of life's unnecessary absurdity and how to remember how, despite myself and you. If my reasoning seems circular, so's the earth. Irvine renders Stoicism a relevant and applicable philosophy of life, especially for those lacking the time and inclination to read the source material. I don't pick bones, but I will not [...]


    27. This is a very practical guide to living well. Please don't let the grounding in philosophy put you off. The Stoics were the most useful of philosophers. What Irvine has done is to distill the teachings of Seneca, Epictetus, Musonius, Marcus Aurelius and the others into concise guidelines that can be applied to everyday life. No abstractions heaped on abstractions here. This is lively prose intended to instill a number of basic mental concepts that can bring tranquility--the overarching Stoic id [...]


    28. (tl;dr--nice book, Stoicism is awesome)This was a very enjoyable and accessible book on Stoicism. The author describes himself as a "congenital Stoic," i.e. one whose mind is naturally in accordance with many aspects of Stoic philosophy, and I think I could be described as the same (thus my interest in reading this). For anyone who is interested, I also highly recommend some of the primary sources: the "Handbook" of Epictetus and the "Meditations" of Marcus Aurelius. They are very accessible too [...]


    29. Very accessibly written, easy to apply guide to stoicism Appreciate what you have (negative visualization) Focus on what you can control (dichotomy/trichotomy of control) and do not concern yourself with things that are actually irrelevant (who invited you where, who complimented or insulted you)Ask yourself, are you living by your values, not are you succeeding by someone else's (misguided) measures of success (wealth, material things, status symbols)Practice poverty, discomfort, challenge To a [...]


    30. حتماً کتابی‌ست مفید و آموزه‌دار. امّا چند ایراد نیز به‌نظرم می‌رسد که دارد. یکی از آن‌ها عدمِ سازواری‌ست. یعنی مجموعه‌ی دیدگاه‌های این کتاب به‌مثابهِ یک جهان‌بینش٬ یک‌دستی و سازواریِ مطلوبی ندارد. مشکلِ دیگرش این است که مغالطاتی منطقی در آن به چشم می‌خورد. به‌خصوص در [...]


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